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Components of a robot

Intelligent robot parts

Robots of different types consist of main parts and components:

  • Sensors: Also called receivers, they help the robot to collect information to see the surrounding environment because this information helps it to determine its behavior and some of these well-known sensors are cameras, whose function is to create a visual representation (similar to the process of seeing through the eye) To help the robot determine the shapes, colors, dimensions, and distances over which they are located, there are also other receptors such as headphones, which allow the robot to pick up the sounds that they surround it, and help it to determine the distances between it and objects, distinguishing the degrees and types of these sounds and its vibrations, which also prevents it from colliding. Some types of sensors measure temperature and barometric pressure. There are other, much more complex types such as those that use laser beams and perform complex operations, including 3D mapping of any position or position, as well as their ability to measure gravity and acceleration and other scientific issues.
  • Response devices: Also called transponders, and are the parties involved in the work and execution of tasks, as they are related to the programming of a robot pre-prepared by the computer, so that it performs specific actions, for example, there is a robot equipped with hammers and manual work tools and has been programmed to perform tasks with it, as also represented by the Interviewees, in what can be defined limbs, such as: also the arms or fingers, which are attached to the robot, which deals with things and tasks directly through it. Also, as well; There are mechanical triggers that provide robots with the power and energy to perform tasks and move, and there are also headphones designed to make sounds or to give the robot the ability to speak and so on. ” interact and collect information from humans in the surrounding environment.
  • The brain: That is the control system, which is the fundamental part that is divided into two types; The first is: the robot which has pre-programmed robots and this type is designed to repeat certain actions and activities regardless of the surrounding environment, and can collect only a small amount of information. around him. It also has a simpler software control system. Often it is placed in an environment suitable for the pre-programmed work to perform, while the other type is an autonomous robot and is presented in a more complex system than the first, in addition to this it has a great capacity to respond and interact with more complex and can detect changes in the surrounding environment better and faster through data analysis. In general, a robot’s response to its environment and the basis of its behavior concerning that environment is called a “control system”.

The potential of robotic thinking

This question is related to the intelligence that gives the ability to think, and leads directly to the kind of intended intelligence that machines (such as robots) can use, where the word intelligence has many meanings, but this word is related to the resulting interaction from the ability to collect information through a test The environment, therefore, also translates as “intelligent intelligence”, which then produced the term artificial intelligence, which refers to programming machines, and their ability to receive information, then analyze it and respond to it, and act based on a logical understanding of that information, through equations and algorithms that analyze the behavior of the ocean and discoveries based on it; This increases the possibilities for the development of artificial intelligence for machines in the future, including robots.

Definition of a robot

The word robot, is a word that was initially used to mean: working hard to the point of slavery, but it came to mean robots, thanks to a Czech novelist, Karl Kapik, who composed a play in 1921 about robots designed to work in a factory, revolting against their human masters, using In it the word (Robot), giving it a new, different meaning, is a group of robotic workers made of metal, and they are synthesized or programmed through smart programs, and they have limbs, similar to organic or natural ones, and the word (Robot) appeared in 1942 AD, in a short story by the writer The American (Issac Asimov), who gave the robot a newer concept, as a servant or assistant to humans. There is another definition of robots, termed by the scientific and commercial definition The word robot, is a word that was initially used to mean: working hard to the point of slavery, but it came to mean robots, thanks to a Czech novelist, Karl Kapik, who composed a play in 1921 about robots designed to work in a factory, revolting against their human masters, using In it the word (Robot), giving it a new, different meaning, is a group of robotic workers made of metal, and they are synthesized or programmed through smart programs, and they have limbs, similar to organic or natural ones, and the word (Robot) appeared in 1942 AD, in a short story by the writer The American Issac Asimov, who gave the robot a newer concept, as a servant or assistant to humans. There is another definition of a robot, termed by the scientific and commercial definition, which is: a programmable, multi-functional machine that can control the transfer of objects and tools, and it has parts or limbs that it can move and use in moving things, through a set of programming variables Miscellaneous that is placed to perform the tasks.

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