The origin of apples dates back to Central Asia, and it is a fruit that grows on apple trees (scientific name: Malus Domestica), and is one of the most consumed fruits in the world, and is distinguished by its delicious taste when eaten fresh, or added to various recipes, as It can be used to make juice as well, and although it is not considered a fruit that is particularly rich in vitamins and minerals, it is a rich source of dietary fiber, antioxidants, and flavonoids that help reduce the risk of many diseases.
Apple benefits :
Apples provide many health benefits to the human body, let’s mention these benefits :
- Reducing the risk of heart disease: As eating apples has been associated with a lower risk of heart disease, because it contains soluble fibers, one study that was conducted on a rodent species showed that apples can reduce total cholesterol levels in the blood, in addition to reducing the accumulation of plaque inside the arteries, and in another study, it was found that eating more than 54 grams of apples per day reduced the risk of death from heart disease by 43% in women, and 19% in men.
- Reducing the risk of cancer: Many laboratory studies have shown that apples, their juice, and some plant compounds in them may have anti-cancer effects, and one study in humans indicated that people who consumed one apple per day were less likely to develop cancer. Colon and rectum by 20%, breast cancer by 18%, and some animal studies have indicated that apples contain phytochemical compounds that can reduce the risk of lung cancer.
- Promote beneficial bacteria in the intestine: Apples contain a type of fiber called pectin, which feeds the beneficial bacteria in the intestine. This happens because the small intestine does not absorb the fibers during the digestion process, so it continues its way into the colon, and promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria, and these fibers are transformed in the colon into compounds beneficial to the health of the body.
- Helping to lose weight: as apples contain a high amount of fiber and a low amount of energy, and it was found in one of the studies that included 50 overweight women that women who added apples to their diet for 10 weeks lost approximately one kilogram of weight. It was also found that their caloric consumption, in general, has become less.
- Promote bone health: Eating fruit has been associated with increased bone density, as researchers believe that the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds in the fruit help to enhance bone density and strength. Specifically, apples may have a positive effect on bones. In one study that included a group of women who ate meals that included fresh and peeled apples, or their various products, it was found that they lost less calcium in their bodies, compared to women who did not eat any of the apple products.
- Improving neurological health and reducing the risk of dementia: A study published in Experimental Biology and Medicine in 2006 found that an antioxidant found in large quantities in apples called Quercetin helped reduce death Cells resulting from oxidative stress and neuronal inflammation, and another study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease indicated that consuming apple juice might increase the production of the primary neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which led to improved memory in mice with symptoms similar to Alzheimer’s symptoms.
- Reducing the risk of asthma: A recent study showed that children of women who consumed apples regularly during pregnancy were less likely to have asthma and wheezing at the age of five, compared to children whose mothers rarely consumed apples during pregnancy.