Food

Types of Vitamin B

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What is Vitamin B :

Vitamins are compounds that differ in their chemical composition, but they are all similar in the health and nutritional benefits that they provide to the body, and vitamin B is one of the most important of these vitamins that the body needs, and it is known that vitamins are not produced by the body itself, rather it needs to eat foods and materials rich in it in addition to nutritional supplements And pharmacokinetics, as the stores of this vitamin in the body are little except for vitamin B12, which is stored in the liver.

Vitamin B functions :

  • Regulating vital processes in the body and stimulating energy production.
  • Helping in the proper and natural performance of enzymes functions.
  • Regulating the functions of the nervous system.
  • Red blood cell production.
  • Maintain healthy hair and skin.
  • Strengthening the body’s immune system.

Vitamin B groups:

Thiamin

Thiamin is a vitamin B1 and its importance lies in converting glucose into energy, in addition to its importance in the formation of the nervous system, and this vitamin can be obtained from whole grains, legumes, nuts, yeast, red meat, eggs, and flour, and the deficiency of this vitamin causes many complications such as confusion, irritation, and weakness of the arm and leg Lethargy, laziness, and muscle weakness also affect cardiovascular health, eye muscle paralysis, and mental distortion.

Riboflavin

helps this vitamin to produce energy, improve vision and obtain healthy skin, and it can be obtained from milk, yogurt, cheese, eggs, green leafy vegetables, and liver, and a deficiency of this vitamin causes red infections on the tongue, red cracks in the mouth, eyelid inflammation, hair loss and the appearance of a rash.

Niacin

converts carbohydrates and fats into energy and has a role in maintaining the health of the nervous and digestive system and obtaining healthy skin. This vitamin can be obtained from meat, fish, mushrooms, eggs, and nuts, and excessive intake causes redness in the eyes, nausea, liver damage, and its deficiency causes infections in the skin, tongue, and loss of appetite.

Pantothenic acid

this vitamin has a role in the production of red blood cells and steroid hormones. It can be obtained from milk, meat, liver, eggs, peanuts, and legumes. Its deficiency leads to insomnia, fatigue, constipation, and stomach upset.

Folic acid

This acid forms red blood cells, in addition to its important role in the formation of the nervous system and the DNA of the fetus. This acid can be obtained from citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, liver, eggs, and poultry, and the deficiency of this acid causes anemia, weight loss, and abnormalities for the fetus during pregnancy.

Cobalamin

This vitamin produces myelin in nerve cells and increases a person’s mental abilities and produces red blood cells. Among the important sources of this vitamin are eggs, meat, and liver, and its deficiency causes anemia, loss of appetite, fatigue, insomnia, depression, and sometimes paralysis.